The Book of Special Relativity of The Bible According to Einstein

The fifth book of Physics

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196                        The Bible According to Einstein

 

The fifth book of Physics, called

Special Relativity

All is relative.

Chapter I: On False Laws

Is this not the way that Nature works?

Now let it be known to thee and all around thee that Newtonís laws of motion have slight flaws. They are false laws, for they are not always true. Beware of flawed laws for they, like false prophets,188 may lead one astray.
     Now the true laws shall be Einsteinís laws of special relativity. And they shall be true laws because they are always true. And thou and all others shall obey these laws, for it has been commanded.
     And when an object moves slowly, the difference between Newtonís laws and Einsteinís laws shall not be noticeable. And because human beings are used to human motions, which are minuscule compared with the speed of light, many humans will erroneously believe that Newtonís laws are always true. But the extrapolation of Newtonian law to extremely fast-moving objects shall be not correct. And since the human brain cannot resist extrapolation, humans will often be confused; small is the mind of man.

Chapter II: The Six Principles of Special Relativity

And these shall be the six principles of special relativity, which govern all motion in the absence of the force of gravity: First, the laws of physics shall be the same for all constant-moving viewers. Second, the constancy of the speed of light shall be a law of physics. Third, nothing shall travel faster than the speed of light. Fourth, time and space shall be part of one four-dimensional manifold and this four-dimensional manifold shall be called spacetime.189 Fifth, constant-moving observers shall not agree on the time interval and the space distance between two distinct events. But they shall agree on what is called the proper-spacetime interval. Sixth, mass and energy shall be equivalent, and the energy of motionless matter shall be the mass of the matter times the speed of light squared.

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188 There are many false prophets today, like those who try to predict the future by the position of the planets or with a pack of Tarot cards.
189 A manifold is a smooth space with a particular dimension. For example, a curved wire is a one-dimensional manifold. The surface of a balloon is a two-dimensional manifold. A solid block is a three-dimensional manifold. And so on.

 
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The New Testament                                       197

Chapter III: The First Principle

Now the first principle of special relativity shall say that the laws of Nature are the same for all constant-moving viewers. And what shall be a constant-moving viewer? It shall be an observer with a constant speed moving in a fixed direction. And what shall the first law mean? It shall mean that an experiment performed at rest and an experiment performed while moving at a constant speed in a fixed direction shall yield precisely same results. And suppose thou live inside a rocket far in outer space. Then, billiard balls will deflect off one another in the same manner whether thy rocket be at rest or moving. Likewise, the decay of radioactive nuclei will proceed in the same way, whether thou art at rest or moving. And this is natural, for if thou live in the black of outer space, thou know not whether thou move or not. And so the behavior of objects under Nature shall be identical when viewed from constant-moving frames of reference.

Chapter IV: The Second Principle

Now since the constancy of the speed of light is one of Natureís law, it shall be, by the first principle, the same for all constant-moving viewers. Thus all such constant-moving viewers shall measure the speed of light to be the same. In thy rocket, thou shall find lightís speed to be the same, whether the light moves at thee, away from thee or by thee. And this speed shall be identical whether thy rocket be at rest or not. And since the speed of light is the same for every constant-moving viewer, it shall be a fundamental concept. And so the speed of light shall be a universal constant – a little less than three-hundred-thousand-kilometers per second. And this speed shall be labelled "c". Thus c shall be three-hundred-thousand-kilometers per second.
     Now the first two laws shall be the most important laws – essentially all of special relativity shall follow from these two.
     And the constancy of lightís speed will be confusing to a man with a Newtonian mind-set, for to him an objectís speed will depend on whether he be at rest or not.190 But, in Natureís world, light shall not behave like such an object.

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190 An example of this is as follows. A man standing by a highway sees eastward-moving cars travelling at the same speed as westward-moving cars. But a man sitting in a speeding eastward-bound train sees eastward-moving cars travelling slower than westward-moving cars. In fact, if the train moves somewhat faster than the traffic, the eastward-moving cars seem to him to travel slowly backward!

 
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198                        The Bible According to Einstein

Chapter V: The Third Principle

Now the third principle says that under no circumstances shall an object travel faster than the speed of light. Instantaneous communication shall be impossible. And this lack of instantaneous communication shall have great implications for causality, or cause-effect. And for example, actions in one part of the Universe cannot suddenly affect the actions in another part – only when such a distant action propagates and arrives at another part of the Universe can such a distant action have effect. And for example, when a supernova explodes ten-thousand-light years from thee, ye initially see nothing; ye must wait for the light to come to thee; ye must wait ten-thousand years to see the flash. Thus the supernova ye see today is a supernova that exploded long ago.
     And this limiting speed will be puzzling to a man with a Newtonian mind-set, for he will think that it be always possible with effort to go faster and to faster go.

Chapter VI: The Fourth Principle

Now the fourth principle says that time shall be the fourth dimension. And how can time, which is measured in seconds, be space, which is measured in meters? Time shall be like unto gold. Gold is a metal. But it is also money. And to convert gold into money one needs to know the exchange rate, the number of dollars that an ounce of gold is worth. So time, which is the ticking of a clock, can also be a meter stick. And what is the exchange rate for time? It shall be the speed of light. And so, to convert time into distance, one multiplies time by the speed of light. Thus one second of time shall be three-hundred-thousand kilometers, which is also called one light-second. Two seconds of time shall be six-hundred-thousand kilometers, or two light-seconds. And one minute of time shall be eighteen-million kilometers, which is sixty-light seconds, or one light-minute. And one hour of time shall be a little more than one-billion kilometers, which is three-thousand-and-six-hundred light-seconds, or sixty light-minutes, or one light-hour. And one day of time shall be twenty-six-billion kilometers, which is twenty-four light-hours, or one light-day. And one year of time shall be nine-and-a-half-trillion kilometers, which is three-hundred-and-sixty-five light-days, or one light-year. Thus a light-second, a light-minute, a light-hour and a light-year shall not be measures of time but distance. And for example, the distance to the nearest star, Alpha Centuri, shall be four-and-a-third light-years; the distance between Pluto and the Sun shall be almost six light-hours; and the distance between the Earth and the Sun shall be eight-and-a-third light-minutes. And time, when it is represented as a length, shall be called c-time.      And the fourth dimension will baffle a man with a "Newtonian brain," for his visual world is three-dimensional, and his brain-waves are three-dimensional, and his imagination is three-dimensional. But a man with an "Einsteinian brain" has a four-dimensional imagination and can picture a four-dimensional space.

(And a voice spake, saying,
"Do not present a confused and contorted face
when physicists speak of manifolds of four-d space."191)


 
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The New Testament                                       199

Chapter VII: The Fifth Principle

Now the fifth principle says that time intervals and spatial distances shall not be universal concepts but shall depend on the observer. And for example, two observers, moving with respect to one another, will not agree on whether two events occur at the same time! Nor will they agree on an objectís length! But they will agree on the proper-spacetime interval. And the situation shall be like that unto a triangle – the Pythagorean theorem says that, for a right-angle triangle, the length of the hypotenuse squared is the sum of the squares of the two smaller sides. And if two geometricians start with a common hypotenuse and draw two more sides to make two different right-angle triangles then the lengths of the shorter sides are not equal. But for both of them, the sum of the squares of the two smaller sides is the same. Now the hypotenuse of a right-triangle shall be like unto a proper-spacetime intervalit is something on which constant-moving viewers can agree. And the two shorter sides shall be like unto the time interval and the distance between two separate events.192 Now there shall be a relativistic hyperbolic Pythagorean theorem: The proper-spacetime interval squared shall be the spatial-separation squared minus the c-time-elapsed squared. And the relativistic hyperbolic Pythagorean theorem says that all constant-moving observers shall agree on the proper-spacetime interval between two separate events.
     Now because one subtracts c-time squared, time shall be distinguished from space. And this is something on which both Newtonian and Einsteinian thinkers can agree – although space and time form one unity, time shall indeed be different from space.
     And still, even among intellectuals, the concept of length will be debated and the concept of age will be confused. But special relativity shall precisely specify the relation between the different spatial distances and the different temporal intervals that two constant-moving observers measure. And these relations shall be called Lorentz transformation laws. And so those who understand the transformation laws will not enter into debate and will not be confused.
     And distances and time intervals will be perplexing for a man with a Newtonian mind-set, for he has always thought that times and distances were universal concepts. Indeed, when two observers have a small relative velocity, their "hyperbolic triangles" for two events shall be virtually the same. And the sides corresponding to space shall differ imperceptibly. And the sides corresponding to time shall also differ imperceptibly. And Newtonian observers, whose perceptions are not sensitive enough, will not see that those times and distances are minutely different.

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191 "Four-d space" is the phrase scientists often use for four-dimensional space.
192 They will not agree, however, on the distance between the two events nor on the time elapsed between the two events.

 
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200                        The Bible According to Einstein

     Now since one subtracts c-time squared in the computation of the proper-spacetime interval, spacetime shall not be Euclidean; Minkowski space is what it shall be called.193 And so the four-dimensional manifold of spacetime shall be Minkowski space.

Chapter VIII: The Sixth Principle

Now the sixth principle says that E=mc2. And because c squared is ninety-million-billion meters-squared per second-squared, c squared shall be a very large number. Hence, conversion of a small amount of mass into energy shall produce a lot of energy. And this is why nuclear bombs, which are based on the conversion of mass into energy, shall produce enormous blasts.

And man will make "the bomb"
although he might not need it.

     And the equivalence of energy and mass will be confusing to children with "Newtonian brains." But by the time such children are adults, they will have heard of Einstein and of E=mc2 so many times they will believe it.

Chapter IX: Albert, Isaac and a Sacred Creature

He who hath an ear,
let him hear.

Now is this the parable of Albert, Isaac and a sacred creature. Once not so long ago, Albert was camping with three physics friends, Peter, James and John. And Albert said to them, "Today I shall climb that mountain." And he pointed to the peak. "I want you three to stay here and wait for me. When I come back I shall reveal to you what I have learned. In the meantime, build tents so that we may camp here tonight."
     And Albert, who was a young man, quickly climbed the mountain. And it came to pass that the weather changed suddenly from sunny to overcast. And clouds engulfed the mountain peak. And when Albert reached the summit, there was a mysterious dense fog around him.
     And it came to pass that a particularly thick mist swirled about Albertís head. And after the mist dispersed, Albert had been changed: he had an Einsteinian brain.

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193 Euclidean spaces are the "worlds" in which Euclidean geometry and the ordinary Pythagorean theorem are valid. In non-Euclidean spaces, theorems such as "the sum of the interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180 degrees" no longer hold.

 
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The New Testament                                       201

     Now on the mountain Albert spied another man and a sacred creature. And the man was quite old. His name was Isaac. And he had a Newtonian brain. Now the sacred creature had no age, no name and no brain. But it always told the truth, always obeyed instructions and always followed Natureís laws.
     Now both Isaac and Albert had been brilliant in their youth. Isaac, being a lot older than Albert, had considerably more experience. But Albert, being younger than Isaac, was a quicker thinker. Now Isaac believed in the old law, which was outdated. And Albert believed in the newest law. And Albert liked to play tricks on old believers.
     So Albert, Isaac and the creature descended on the other side of the mountain, where a highway was. And Albert asked the creature to drive a truck at eighteen kilometers per hour. And in addition, he instructed the creature to throw a ball forward at thirty kilometers per hour when the truck passed them. And Albert turned to Isaac and asked him, "When we measure the speed of the ball, what will it be?" And Isaac, who had observed many such experiments, said, "Well, if the truck is moving forward and the creature throws the ball forward then the speed of the truck will add to the speed of the ball. Eighteen plus thirty is forty-eight. Thus the ball will travel forward at forty-eight kilometers per hour for us." "I donít believe you," said Albert. And Isaac replied, "You youth think you are so smart. Letís see. Letís have the creature drive the truck and see." And sure enough, when the creature passed by and threw the ball, Albert and Isaac measured the ballís speed and it was forty-eight kilometers per hour. "For an old guy, youíre pretty smart," said Albert. And Isaac smiled.
     "But what will happen if the ball is thrown back instead of forward?" questioned Albert with a puzzled look. And Isaac, who had observed many such experiments, said, "Well, if the truck is moving forward and the creature throws the ball back then the speed of the truck will subtract from the speed of the ball. Thirty minus eighteen is twelve. Thus the ball will travel backward at twelve kilometers per hour for us." "I donít believe you," said Albert. Again annoyed, Isaac snapped, "You youth are so inexperienced, yet you do not believe your elders. Let us have the creature drive the truck and see." And sure enough, when the creature passed by and threw the ball, Albert and Isaac measured the ballís speed, and it was twelve kilometers per hour. "Youíre right again," said Albert. And Isaac smiled.


 
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202                        The Bible According to Einstein

     "This is a little boring," said Albert. "Letís speed things up." And so Albert and Isaac put on space suits and helmets. And they got in a rocket and blasted into outer space. And there, Albert asked the creature to drive a space-jet at one-hundred-and-eighty-thousand kilometers per second. "By Jove," interjected Isaac, "Thatís three-fifths the speed of light. Iíve never seen an object go that fast." And Albert responded, "These are modern times, old fella. Technology has made great advances lately." And Albert instructed the creature to turn on a light and shine it forward when the space-jet goes by them. And Albert turned to Isaac and asked him, "When we measure the speed of the light, what will it be?" And Isaac said, "Well, the speed of the space-jet will add to the speed of the light. One-hundred-and-eighty-thousand plus three-hundred-thousand is four-hundred-and-eighty-thousand. Thus the light will travel at four-hundred-and-eighty-thousand kilometers per second for us." "I donít believe you," Albert said. Annoyed Isaac replied, "Again you doubt the thinking of an experienced one like me?" And Albert said, "Well, letís make a wager. Iíll bet you a gold coin youíre wrong." And the two men put on special space suits and got out of the space-jet. And each contributed a gold coin. And the two gold coins floated there in outer space. Then the creature fired the space-jet engine and did as he was told. And Albert and Isaac measured the speed of the light and it was three-hundred-thousand kilometers per second. And Isaac was astounded and upset, "The creature must not have followed your instructions correctly." But Albert replied, "Remember, this is a sacred creature and it never disobeys." And Albert snapped up the two gold coins and put them in his pocket.
     "Well, letís have another bet," said Isaac, who wanted to win his gold coin back. "Only this time, Iíll give the instructions to the creature." "OK," said Albert, "letís shine the light out of the back of the space-jet instead. What will the speed of the light be?" And Isaac said, "Well, the speed of the space-jet will subtract from the speed of the light. Three-hundred-thousand minus one-hundred-and-eighty-thousand is one-hundred-and-twenty-thousand. Thus the light will travel backward at one-hundred-and-twenty-thousand kilometers per second for us." "Well, I bet it will be three-hundred-thousand kilometers per second," Albert countered. And two gold coins floated in outer space, as the creature fired up the space-jet and carried out Isaacís orders. And Albert and Isaac measured the speed of the light and it was three-hundred-thousand kilometers per second. And Isaac was astounded and upset. But Albert simply snapped up the coins and put them in his pocket. And Isaac, now a bit shaken, asked Albert, "Why did you predict that the speed would be three-hundred-thousand kilometers per second?" And Albert replied, "Donít you know the new law? The speed of light shall be constant and always be three-hundred-thousand kilometers per second."
     And Albert continued, "But did you notice the color of the light? When the space-jet was approaching us, it was blue. And when the space-jet was passing us, the light was yellow. Yet when the space-jet sped away, it was red. Creature, what color did you see?" And the creature answered, "The light was always yellow." "Thatís strange," commented Isaac, who, in his youth, had studied prisms and the spectrum. But Albert countered, "You know, there is no law which says the color of light is the same for everyone. Have you ever heard of the blue shift or the red shift?


 
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The New Testament                                       203

     "You look a bit upset, Isaac. Iíll give you a chance to win your coins back. Light is very special. The pedantic teachers at my school even called it an electromagnetic wave. Waves behave differently from particles. Letís repeat the experiment with particles. Here I have an electron-gun which shoots electrons at three-quarters of the speed of light." "Thatís some gun," Isaac interjected. He seemed quite impressed. And Albert continued, "Letís instead have the creature shoot electrons out the front of the space-jet." And Albert turned and said, "Creature, run the space-jet at three-quarters of the speed of light, aim the electron gun forward, and when you pass us pull the trigger." And turning back to Isaac, Albert asked, "How fast will the electrons move?" "Well, the speed of the space-jet will add to the speed of the electrons. Three-quarters plus three-quarters is one-and-a-half. Thus for us, the electrons will travel at one-and-a-half times the speed of light or four-hundred-and-fifty-thousand kilometers per second." "Well Isaac, my answer is different from yours. I say theyíll travel at four percent less than the speed of light, just a little less than three-hundred-thousand kilometers per second."
     And to give Isaac the chance to win back his lost money, they each bet two coins. So four gold coins floated in outer space, as Isaac and Albert watched through their glass helmets the outcome of the experiment. And the space-jet sped by, and the creature pulled the trigger, and the speed of the electrons was measured by Isaac and by Albert. And it was four percent less than the speed of light. And two additional gold coins jingled in Albertís pocket.
     "You know, Isaac, you could have never won that wager." There was a pause and then Isaac asked, "Why?" And Albert replied, "Because of the second principle of special relativity, which says that nothing can travel faster than the speed of light. You predicted that the electrons would travel faster than the speed of light." And Isaac inquired, "Is this a new law?" And Albert responded, "No. Itís always been that way. Iím surprised that a wise experienced fellow like you didnít know about it." And Isaac answered, "Well, in my days we didnít have space-jets and electron guns."
     Now inside, Isaac was upset. Never had he been so annoyed with himself. He hated to lose money. But he hated being wrong even more. He tried to smile to hide his internal irritation.
     "Listen, Isaac, I think you had a little bad luck. These relativity principles are a bit peculiar when it comes to adding or subtracting speeds. I heard that you, in your old days, were an excellent measurer. Letís perform some measurements. Here are two sticks of the same length, five meters. The first is an ordinary stick and the second is a ruler. Letís put the first one on the space-jet and ask the creature to speed along at one-hundred-and-eighty-thousand kilometers per second. Then weíll use the ruler to measure the stick in the space-jet. What do you say?" Now Isaac was quite confused. He thought to himself, Why do such a stupid experiment. A five meter stick is a five meter stick. His thought was interrupted when he heard Albert say, "I bet the stick on the space-jet will measure only four meters." And Isaac responded, "You mean you think the stick in the space-jet will shrink a meter?" And Albert continued, "Not exactly. But I bet when we measure it, it will be four meters. In fact, to be sure, I want you to perform the measurement." Isaac agreed.


 
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204                        The Bible According to Einstein

     And floating there in outer space were eight gold coins. Now the first stick was placed in the window of the space-jet. And the creature fired the engines and sped by Albert and by Isaac. Isaac had to react quickly. Perhaps his hands shook a bit, but when he lined up the ruler with the stick in the window, the stick in the window was one meter less. And Isaacís mouth opened with astonishment. And four coins fewer was his purse.
     "This is preposterous," sounded Isaac. "Never have I seen such magic." And Albert responded, "It is not magic, Isaac. It is a transformation law." Isaac rebutted, "Forget your laws. I want to know what is going on. Iíll do anything to understand whatís happening." And Albert, who had planned his actions in advance, answered, "Iíll give you some insight if you agree to make two more bets." Isaac consented.
     And Albert summoned the creature, "Creature, did you see Isaac measure the stick?" And the creature nodded his beastly head up and down. "Explain what you saw." And the creature answered, "Isaac put the two ends of the ruler next to the stick in the space-jet window. First he lined up the two front-most ends. Then he tried to line up the two rear-most ends. But he didnít make the alignment attempts at the same time. And during this time lapse, the rocket moved forward and the rear end of the stick in the rocket also moved forward. Thatís why he measured less than five meters."
     Albert tried to comfort Isaac. "Perhaps you should have computed the proper-spacetime interval and corrected your measurement." And Isaac queried, "What are you talking about? Proper-spacetime interval?" And Albert continued, "Well, to help you understand, Iíll explain why you measured four meters. Creature, how much c-time elapsed between the two alignment attempts?" And the creature, who never lied, responded, "Three meters." And Albert demanded, "Sacred creature of great creations, please compute the proper-spacetime interval between Isaacís two alignment-attempt events." And the creature began to calculate like a talking computer, "The proper-spacetime interval squared is the length of the stick squared minus the c-time elapsed squared. Hence, the proper-spacetime interval squared is five meters squared minus three meters squared. Hence, the proper-spacetime interval squared is twenty-five square meters minus nine square meters or sixteen square meters. Take the square root and you get four meters. The proper-spacetime interval is four meters." And Albert explained, "Your problem Isaac, was that you didnít measure the length of the ruler. You measured the proper-spacetime interval. Thatís why you got four meters. According to the creature, who never lies, you didnít line up the two ends of the ruler at the same time. Perhaps your hands shook a bit.


 
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The New Testament                                       205

     "Letís perform a simpler experiment. I have an accurate stopwatch here. The sacred creature has no brain but he does have a heart. His heart beats once a second. I bet that if the space-jet goes at one-half of one percent less than the speed of light, or 0.995c, then his heart will beat about once every ten seconds. So if Iím right, youíll have lots of time to make the measurement." And Isaac responded, "You talk nonsense. If there were two such creatures then the creature in the space-jet would live ten times longer than a creature sitting with us. But think of things from the point of view of the space-jet. If the creature in the space-jet looks at the creature with us, he thinks the creature in space sitting with us is moving at 0.995c in the opposite direction. Therefore, the creature with us should also live ten times longer. How can both creatures outlive each other by a factor of ten?" Isaac was getting quite worked up. His face was red as he sensed his world was falling all apart.
     And Isaac continued, "If anything, the creature will get nervous and his heart will beat faster. I donít care about money. I just want to know the truth. Here are eight gold coins." And Albert contributed another eight coins. Hence there were sixteen gold coins floating there in space. Now the space-jet had never gone as fast as 0.995c. And the creature climbed into the space-jet and unbuttoned his shirt. And he strapped himself in and he tried to be calm. And he fired the engines and the space-jet roared loudly. And he re-fired the engines and the space-jet roared more. And the space-jet accelerated. And a great pressure was felt on the chest of the creature. But the creature survived. And eventually the spacecraft reached 0.995c. And since the space-jet now moved at a constant speed the pressure on the creatureís body was entirely gone. And the creature calmed down and his heart pumped as normal. Now Isaac, with the stop watch in his hand, looked at the space-jet and not at the watch. He could see the heart throbbing and throbbing quite slow. And once roughly every ten seconds, the heart gave a pump. And Isaac in anger threw the watch down and the watch flew off into black outer space. And Isaac, not the creature, was near cardiac arrest. And Albert calmed Isaac. And Isaac was miserable both in his soul and in his head. He was an old man who just wished to be dead.
     "Unfortunately you are an old three-dimensional man living in a modern four-dimensional world," commented Albert. And Isaac did not understand because his three-dimensional brain could not conceive of a four-dimensional world.


 
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206                        The Bible According to Einstein

     "And what is the last experiment?" asked Isaac sadly, "I have only sixteen gold coins left." And Albert took the coins and answered, "Here are two piles of Uranium-235. You will hold one pile in your left hand and one pile in your right hand. Please hold your arms far apart. And you will walk off. And when you are thousands of kilometers away, you will bring your hands together. The divided substance will come together as one. And if you come back, Iíll return to you all your gold coins." And Isaac, who was thoroughly distraught and mentally destroyed, did as he was told.
     And as Isaac left, thousands of others with Newtonian brains joined him. And they seemed to emerge magically. And they came from all directions – they were like ghosts from the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. And they lined up one after another in a long line with Isaac at the head – it was the procession of the old thinkers. And Isaac led them off into the black wilderness of outer space.
     For Isaac, it was the beginning of the end. His confidence had been broken. His self-esteem had been shattered. No longer did he want to live. He couldnít care less about lost gold coins. And it was just as well because he never came back.
     Somewhere it is written in a proverb of a sacred book, "A fool and his money are soon parted."
     And Albert returned to the summit of the mountain. And the clouds cleared. He descended to the campsite of his friends. And Peter said, "We were worried. The mountain was engulfed in clouds and we saw some flashes like lightning." And Albert replied, "The flashes were not lightning. They were from a rocket."
     And Albert brought the three inside a tent and said, "I have written a manuscript. It is entitled The Special Theory of Relativity. Please read it. Please try to understand it. And when you have understood it, explain it to others."

And those who do not believe in Natureís Laws will be fooled.
And those who do believe will not.


 
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The New Testament                                       207

Chapter X: The Parable of the Non-Believing Pharaoh

Hearken unto these words.

And the Pharaoh was told to release the slaves, and if he did not, then his rivers would turn to blood. And the Pharaoh did not believe. And the Pharaoh did not release the slaves. And the rivers turned to blood. And the Pharaoh was told to release the slaves, and if he did not, then frogs would invade his lands. And the Pharaoh did not believe. And the Pharaoh did not release the slaves. And frogs invaded his lands. And the Pharaoh was told to release the slaves, and if he did not, then lice would attack his people. And the Pharaoh did not believe. And he did not release the slaves. And lice attacked his people. And it continued as so. The invasion of flies was followed by the disease of the oxen, horses, asses, camels, sheep and cattle. Then came the outbreak of boils on the skin of the Pharaohís people, the rain of hail, and the invasion of the locusts. And still the Pharaoh did not believe. And still the slaves were not released. And there were three days of darkness. And the Pharaoh was told to release the slaves, and if he did not, then the first born of each household in his kingdom would die. And the Pharaoh did not believe. And the Pharaoh did not release the slaves. And the first born of each household suddenly did die. And the Pharaohís people cried up in anguish, for their leader had led them astray. And reluctantly, he released the slaves. Finally they were free. And they fled the land of the Pharaoh. But the Pharaoh and his warriors pursued the slaves. And a great sea was divided and made dry so that the slaves could pass. And the slaves crossed the dry divided sea. But when the Pharaohís chariots and horsemen entered the divide, the sea was restored. And the horses, chariots and horsemen were engulfed in deep waters and all drowned. And this was the result of one who did not believe.

The blind will lead the blind to death.

     And special relativity will be difficult to comprehend. But one should verily believe, for it is the truth.
     Now all the forces of Nature shall conform to the principles of special relativity. And remarkably, Maxwellís electromagnetic theory is compatible with special relativity. But Newtonian gravity is not.


 
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